Journal of Archaeology in the Low Countries 3-1 (November 2011)Wietske Prummel; Hülya Halici; Annemieke Verbaas: The bone and antler tools from the Wijnaldum-Tjitsma terp 1
6 The bone tools used in the five occupation phases

6.5 Ottonian period

The bone and antler tools from the Ottonian phase attest to fibre and skin processing and the use of combs. There were two one-sided type 3 composite combs and one type 5, which has straight, narrow side plates and tooth plates extending above the side plates.

No worn, shiny and thus used astragali were found and there was only one antler pendant. The use of amulets had presumably come to an end in this period, in which Christianity became firmly established in the north of the Netherlands (Knol 1993).

Whereas skates and tips of skating sticks were common in this phase, musical intruments and household utensils are completely lacking. The last two groups indicate the existence of rich households in the Merovingian and Carolingian periods. No proof exists that bone and/or antler processing was done at the site during this period.