12. Even if reported finds from the eastern provinces are scarce today, with the Egyptian desert for obvious reasons constituting an exception (cf. for instance, National Museum of Ireland, inv. no. 1904:572: one double-sided boxwood comb from Oxyrynchus; and Gazda 1983, fig. 44: two combs from Roman Karanis, online available at, an iconographic by Waelkens (1986) suggests a widespread circulation of such combs in this part of the Roman empire. Moreover, several references in the classical sources point to Paphlagonia as a source of boxwood combs: cf. Ovid., Met. IV.311, Cat. 4.13; Verg., Georg. II.437.