Journal of Archaeology in the Low Countries 4-2 (April 2013)Annet Nieuwhof: Anglo-Saxon immigration or continuity? Ezinge and the coastal area of the northern Netherlands in the Migration Period.
5. Results

5.3 Feddersen Wierde

Although precise numbers are not mentioned by Schmid (2006), it can be inferred from his figures (Taf. 63-90) that the remains of at least 2571 pots from the 4th and 5th centuries were found on the Feddersen Wierde. Just like in Midlaren, the middle Roman Iron Age Trichterschalen and Trichternäpfe (similar to type Dr. K3) were followed by Trichterpokale (c. type Dr. K4c and –d, see fig. 2). Large pots that resemble Driesum-style pottery (Schmid 2006, Taf. 54) were followed by forms that resemble the G7-forms of northern Drenthe (Schmid 2006, Taf. 78, 87 and 88) and by narrow-mouthed pots (round as well as carinated, decorated and undecorated, see fig. 2). Furthermore, many Schalenurnen occur in this period on the Feddersen Wierde. They are the most numerous category of pottery, followed by narrow-mouthed pots of type Cuxhaven-Galgenberg (Schmid 2006, Taf. 74 and 82).

Hessens-Schortens pottery sensu stricto was not found on the Feddersen Wierde, which demonstrates that this only developed in the late 5th century. However, ‘ovalen bauchigen Kümpfe’ were regular finds in the highest excavation layers. These pots are usually thin-walled and well finished; in the northern Drenthe typology, they belong to types G7c and -d. Their forms remind Schmid (2006, 68) of Plettke’s type D, which might be considered Hessens-Schortens ware. This suggests that also on the Feddersen Wierde, the transition to Hessens-Schortens ware was on its way before the terp was abandoned. Pottery in late-Anglo-Saxon style has not been found on the Feddersen Wierde, in accordance with the end of habitation there in the second half of the 5th century.


Figure 15 Overview of handmade pottery per period (MNI) found in Midlaren-De Bloemert. Numbers are based on rim sherds.